Famous Scientists

  • Nicolaus Copernicus

    Nicolaus Copernicus (19 February 1473 – 24 May 1543) was a Polish mathematician and astronomer. He discovered that the Sun was at the center of the universe - and not the earth. The publication of Copernicus' book, "On the Revolutions of the Celestial Spheres", was a great event in the history of scientific study. This led to the "Copernican Revolution" and paved the way eventually for the scientific revolution. Copernicus was born in Royal Prussia, a region of the Kingdom of Poland.

  • Edwin Hubble

    Edwin Powell Hubble (November 20, 1889 – September 28, 1953) was an American astronomer. He is famous for helping us better understand extragalactic astronomy. It was Hubble that discovered that the universe is continuously expanding. Hubble discovered that the Milky Way is just one of millions of galaxies. This has helped all astronomers better understand where we stand in this universe. He was an accomplished sportsmen (basketball) and actually graduated and worked as a lawyer for one year. The Hubble Space Telescope is named in his honor.

  • Thomas Edison

    Thomas Alva Edison (February 11, 1847 – October 18, 1931) was an American inventor and businessman. He is known for his many inventions that have changed our lives. This remarkable man, who once worked as a telegraph operator, is credited for inventing the first practical light bulb, the motion picture camera, and the phonograph. Edison holds 1,093 US patents in his name. Did you know that Edison also invented the following? - The stock ticker - a mechanical vote recorder - a battery for an electric car - a system of electric-power generation and distribution.

  • Michael Faraday

    Michael Faraday (22 September 1791 – 25 August 1867) was an English scientist. He is best known for his discoveries in electromagnetism and electrochemistry. He made great discoveries in electromagnetic induction, diamagnetism and electrolysis. His work in electromagnetism led to the invention of the electric motor, which is used all over the world today. It was Faraday who built the first prototype electric motor. Amazingly, Faraday received little formal education - in other words, he hardly went to school. Yet, he was one of the most influential scientists in history.

  • Aristotle

    Aristotle (384 BC – 322 BC) was a Greek philosopher. He is one of the most important founding figures in Western philosophy. A student of Plato, he later became Alexander the Great's personal teacher. His views on the physical sciences challenged medieval scholars to see the world differently. His wrote many articles and books on many different subjects, including physics, poetry, theater, music, logic, linguistics, politics, ethics, biology, and zoology. He is known as the Father of Zoology.

  • Marie Curie

    Marie Curie (7 November 1867 – 4 July 1934), was a Polish physicist and chemist,. She is famous for her research on radioactivity. She was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize. She was also the first woman in history to be awarded a doctorate in Physics. In the world of scientific discovery and inventions dominated by men, this woman broke through and was awarded two Nobel Prizes. She shared her 1903 Nobel Prize in Physics with her husband Pierre Curie and Henri Becquerel.

  • Alexander Graham Bell

    Alexander Graham Bell (March 3, 1847 – August 2, 1922) was a famous scientist, inventor and engineer. He is best known for his invention of the telephone. Shortly after his 12th birthday, his mother began to grow deaf. He invented a form of sign-language to communicate with his mother. Bell was awarded the first US patent for the telephone in 1876. In less than 10 years, over 150,000 people owned telephones, thanks to his invention. Bell also invented the first metal detector.

  • Leonardo da Vinci

    Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci (April 15, 1452 – May 2, 1519) was a genius. He excelled at everything he did. And he wanted to know the answer to all of life's mysteries. He was a painter, sculptor, architect, musician, mathematician, engineer, inventor, anatomist, geologist, cartographer, botanist, and writer. Leonardo was famous primarily as a painter. Among his works, the Mona Lisa is the most famous. As a scientist, he was a technological genius. He invented the concept of the helicopter, the tank, and many other things.

  • Benjamin Franklin

    Benjamin Franklin (January 17, 1706 – April 17, 1790) was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. This great man, who was born to a soap and candle-maker, owned a printing empire, was an accomplished author, politician, postmaster, scientist, musician, inventor, civic activist, statesman, and diplomat. He became wealthy publishing Poor Richard's Almanack and The Pennsylvania Gazette. As a scientist, he was best known for his advancements in physics and for his discoveries and theories in electricity.

  • Nikola Tesla

    Nikola Tesla (10 July 1856 – 7 January 1943) was a Serbian-American inventor, electrical engineer, mechanical engineer, physicist, and futurist. He is best known for his contributions to the design of the modern alternating current (AC) electricity supply system. He took Thomas Edison's discoveries in the field of electricity to the next level. His patented AC induction motor and transformer were licensed by George Westinghouse, who also hired Tesla as a consultant to help develop a power generation system using alternating current.

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