Louis Pasteur (December 27, 1822 – September 28, 1895) was a French chemist and microbiologist. Often called the "Father of microbiology", Pasteur is most famous for his invention of the technique of treating milk and wine to stop bacterial contamination. In honor of him, the process is now called "pasteurization". He is well known for amazing discoveries in vaccination, microbial fermentation and pasteurization. His work directly resulted in millions of lives being saved, and in the prevention of disease. For example, he created the first vaccine for rabies and anthrax.